Why Study Music?
Please see "Broader Minded" http://broaderminded.com/
1.  Music students are more successful in school.
* Music is a core academic subject in the 'No Child Left Behind Act.'
      No Child Left Behind Act of 2002, Title IX, Part A, Sec. 9101 (11 )
* Students with more experience in music performance/appreciation consistently score higher on the SAT. (College Entrance Examination Board, 2001)
* Music students show significant increases in thinking skills and self-esteem. (NAER, 1990)
* Music majors have the highest percentage of all groups of undergraduates admitted into medical school. ("The Case for Music in the Schools," Phi Delta Kappan, February 1994)
* Students involved in music are less often classified as "disruptive". (National Education Longitudinal Study, second follow-up, 1992.)
2.  Music students are more successful in society.
    * Secondary students who participated in band, orchestra, or choir reported the lowest lifetime and current use of          all substances (alcohol, tobacco, illicit drugs). — Texas Commission on Drug and Alcohol Abuse Report. Reported in
            Houston Chronicle, January 1998

      *  "The very best engineers and technical designers in the Silicon Valley industry are, nearly without exception,
          practicing musicians." — Grant Venerable, "The Paradox of the Silicon Savior," as reported in "The Case for
             Sequential Music Education in the Core Curriculum of the Public Schools," The Center for the Arts in the Basic
             Curriculum, New York, 1989
        *   The arts create jobs, increase the local tax base, boost tourism, spur growth in related businesses (hotels,
         restaurants, printing, etc.) and improve the overall quality of life for our cities and towns. On a national level,
         nonprofit arts institutions and organizations generate an estimated $37 billion in economic activity and return $3.4
         billion in federal income taxes to the U.S. Treasury each year.
American Arts Alliance Fact Sheet, October 1996
3.  Music students are successful in developing intelligence.
          * "The musician is constantly adjusting decisions on tempo, tone, style, rhythm, phrasing, and feeling--training the
        brain to become incredibly good at organizing and conducting numerous activities at once."

              Ratey John J., MD. A User's Guide to the Brain. New York: Pantheon Books, 2001
      * A research team exploring the link between music and intelligence reported that music training is far superior to
        computer instruction in dramatically enhancing children's abstract reasoning skills, the skills necessary for learning
        math and science.
Shaw, Rauscher, Levine, Wright, Dennis and Newcomb, "Music training causes long-term
           enhancement of preschool children's spatial-temporal reasoning," Neurological Research, Vol. 19, February 1997.
      * Students in two Rhode Island elementary schools who were given an enriched, sequential, skill-building music
        program showed marked improvement in reading and math skills. Students in the enriched program who had started
        out behind the control group caught up to statistical equality in reading, and pulled ahead in math.
Gardiner, Fox,
          Jeffrey and Knowles, as reported in Nature, May 23, 1996
        * Researchers in Leipzig found that brain scans of musicians showed larger planum temporale (a brain region related
        to some reading skills) than those of non-musicians. They also found that the musicians had a thicker corpus
        callosum (the bundle of nerve fibers that connects the two halves of the brain) than those of non-musicians,
        especially for those who had begun their training before the age of seven.
Schlaug, G., Jancke, L., Huang, Y., and
          Steinmetz, H. (1994). In vivo morphometry of interhem ispheric assymetry and connectivity in musicians. In I. Deliege (Ed.),
          Proceedings of the 3d international conference for music perception and cognition (pp. 417-418). Liege, Belgium.
      * A University of California (Irvine) study showed that after eight months of keyboard lessons, preschoolers showed
        a 46% boost in their spatial reasoning IQ.
Rauscher, Shaw, Levine, Ky and Wright, "Music and Spatial Task
          Performance: A Causal Relationship," University of California, Irvine, 1994
       * In the Kindergarten classes of the school district of Kettle Moraine, Wisconsin, children who were given music
       instruction scored 48 percent higher on spatial-temporal skill tests than those who did not receive music training.

         Rauscher, F.H., and Zupan, M.A. (1999). Classroom keyboard instruction improves kindergarten children's spatial-temporal
         performance: A field study. Manuscript in press, Early Childhood Research Quarterly.
4.  Music students are successful in life!
      * An Auburn University study found significant increases in overall self-concept of at-risk children participating in an
        arts program that included music, movement, dramatics and art, as measured by the Piers-Harris Children’s
        Self-Concept Scale. — N.H. Barry, Project ARISE: Meeting the needs of disadvantaged students through the arts,
          Auburn University, 1992
      * “Studying music encourages self-discipline and diligence, traits that carry over into intellectual pursuits and that
         lead to effective study and work habits. An association of music and math has, in fact, long been noted. Creating
         and performing music promotes self-expression and provides self-gratification while giving pleasure to others. In
         medicine, increasing published reports demonstrate that music has a healing effect on patients. For all these
         reasons, it deserves strong support in our educational system, along with the other arts, the sciences, and
         athletics.” — Michael E. DeBakey, M.D., Leading Heart Surgeon, Baylor College of Music.
       * “Casals says music fills him with the wonder of life and the ‘incredible marvel’ of being a human. Ives says it
          expands his mind and challenges him to be a true individual. Bernstein says it is enriching and ennobling. To me,
          that sounds like a good cause for making music and the arts an integral part of every child’s education. Studying
          music and the arts elevates children’s education, expands students’ horizons, and teaches them to appreciate the
          wonder of life.” — U.S. Secretary of Education Richard W. Riley, July 1999.
       * “The nation’s top business executives agree that arts education programs can help repair weaknesses in American
         education and better prepare workers for the 21st century.” — “The Changing Workplace is Changing Our View of
             Education.” Business Week, October 1996.
       * “Music education opens doors that help children pass from school into the world around them — a world of work,
          culture, intellectual activity, and human involvement. The future of our nation depends on providing our children
          with a complete education that includes music.”
Gerald Ford, former President, United States of America
       * “During the Gulf War, the few opportunities I had for relaxation I always listened to music, and it brought to me
          great peace of mind. I have shared my love of music with people throughout this world, while listening to the
          drums and special instruments of the Far East, Middle East, Africa, the Caribbean, and the Far North — and
          all of this started with the music appreciation course that I was taught in a third-grade elementary class in
          Princeton, New Jersey. What a tragedy it would be if we lived in a world where music was not taught to
          children.”
H. Norman Schwarzkopf, General, U.S. Army, retired
       * “Music is about communication, creativity, and cooperation, and, by studying music in school, students have the
          opportunity to build on these skills, enrich their lives, and experience the world from a new perspective.”

              — Bill Clinton, former President, United States of America
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